Abstract

Because of similarities of the musculoskeletal, central nervous system, and renal manifestations in both diseases, diagnosing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients can be difficult to establish. Although Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) is still considered a benign form of SCD, its impact on kidney injury and other renal manifestations is well recognized in the literature. In this case report, we look at the challenges that develop when diagnosing patients with a concurrence of both diseases and the importance of early recognition and treatment of lupus nephritis in SCT patients. We present a case of a male patient with sickle-cell trait who was admitted to our hospital complaining of low grade fever and pancytopenia for investigations proven to be SLE. A renal biopsy on electron microscopy assessment with different staining modalities as well as immune fluorescence revealed mixed pathological changes. We emphasize the importance in considering the presence of a coexisting autoimmune disease in a patient with sickle hemoglobinopathies even in the milder forms like SCT which may display an atypical and/or multisystem presentation. Also, the impact of the two conditions on the renal pathological changes should be expected to be more damaging even at early onset of SLE flare, and hence, an urge to start with more intensified immunosuppressive medications. 

Keywords: Systemic lupus erythematosus, Lupus nephritis, Sickle cell trait, Aplastic anemia, Febrile neutropenia
 
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Volume 13, Issue 1, January-March 2021


The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.

 

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Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

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Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

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