Introduction: Health literacy refers to the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand the basic health information needed to make appropriate health decisions. The aim of this study was to determine the health literacy level in regions on the outskirts of Mashhad, Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in December 2014 on residents in the outskirts of Mashhad. We used a multistage sampling method, and data were collected via a questionnaire, conducted by trained interviewers. The data were analyzed using the t-test, the Mann-Whitney test, and the chi-squared test.

Results: We had 502 participants in this study. The mean age was 35.0 ± 11.06 years. Sixty percent of participants (301) were female, and 86.3% (425) had high school diplomas or lower educational levels; the rest had higher educational levels. Television/radio and the Internet were the most and least frequently accessed and used media, respectively. There were significant correlations between the level of knowledge and response to questions in specific domains, such as weight, fasting blood sugar, and blood pressure (p < 0.001). The participants had no difficulty reading booklets (63%), physicians’ prescriptions (59%), medical forms (56%), and guidance boards in hospitals (71%). People had no problems understanding most health/disease materials obtained via various routes (37%), but the health/disease materials published on the Internet/electronic resources (37%) and textbooks (64%) were difficult for them to understand.

Conclusion: Health literacy is a complicated construct, and more comprehensive studies are needed to develop health-related information that can be understood by more of the general public.


Keywords: health literacy, outskirts, health-related information
» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/1817
Schuhenike roshe two flyknit zappos women shoes outlet

The  most recent editorial (June 2021)

Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?

An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian

Read more.

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


Our previous editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: