Background: The health care system employs various medical devices and procedures to treat patients and help them to recover. Infections can be associated with stethoscopes. 
Objective: To determine the stethoscope disinfection compliance and factors associated with disinfection, amongst National Guard Health Affairs physicians in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A cross sectional study was performed at Imam Abdurrahman Al-Faisal Hospital over a period of 3 months from October to December 2018. We assessed compliance regarding stethoscope disinfection practice using self-administered validated structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed by IBM© SPSS© Statistics version 24. Chi-square test was performed to find the association between the variables; a p-value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. 
Results: The study results revealed that the majority of physicians, 89 (95.7%), agreed that stethoscopes often transmit infectious agents. Most of them, 88 (94.6%), agreed that stethoscopes needed to be disinfected. A relatively large majority, 86 (92.5%), of respondents stated they cleaned their stethoscopes using a suitable method. There was a significant difference among the respondents with regard to attending a course or symposium concerning stethoscope disinfection (p=0.001). 
Conclusion: The study concluded that stethoscopes can be regarded as important source for the spread of healthcare-associated infections and need to be disinfected after every use. The results also revealed that most of the respondents did not attend courses or symposiums on disinfection practices. Providing seminars and symposium along with additional training and education activities making easy availability of disinfectants were effective methods to improve stethoscope disinfection compliance among health workers.


Keywords: Stethoscope hygiene; Compliance; Physicians; Dammam, Saudi Arabia


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/7708

The  most recent editorial (June 2021)

Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?

An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian

Read more.

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


Our previous editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: