Written by Samia Hassan El-Shishtawy, Osama Mosbah, Nevine Sherif, Amna Metwaly, Amr Hanafy, Laila Kamel
Parent Category: Year 2016, Volume 8
Category: Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2016
Introduction: Adipose tissue releases bioactive factors termed adipokines. Visfatin is an adipokine that plays an active role promoting vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between serum visfatin levels and carotid atherosclerosis in diabetic and non-diabetic patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in order to clarify the role of serum visfatinas, a risk factor for cardiovascular complications in HD patients.
Methods: Forty patients on maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled in this case-control study in 2015. They were subdivided into two groups, i.e., a diabetic group (n = 20) and a non-diabetic group (n = 20). Twenty healthy subjects who were age and gender matched were included as a control group. Carotid Duplex studies were performed on all patients, and serum visfatin was determined by a competitive enzyme immunoassay.
Results: HD patients showed a highly significant increase in serum visfatin, urea, creatinine, Ca×Ph, K, fasting glucose, triglycerides, LDL levels, and a significant decrease in eGFR, Na, HDL, and Hb compared to the control group. Also, serum visfatin levels showed a highly significant increase in the diabetic HD group compared to both the non-diabetic HD and control groups. Serum visfatin showed a highly significant increase in non-diabetic HD patients compared to the control group. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) showed a highly significant increase in HD group compared to the control group. Serum visfatin correlated positively with serum urea, creatinine, glucose, and IMT, but it was negatively correlated with eGFR, Na, and HDL
Conclusion: We concluded that serum visfatin is increased in HD patients with and without diabetes. Moreover, its association with IMT may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in CRF patients.
Kidsjordan Release Dates
Keywords: chronic kidney disease, visfatin, carotid intima-media thickness, hemodialysis
The most recent editorial (June 2021)
Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?
An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
Our previous editorial (June 2020)
Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.
An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)
The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: