Background: Relatively few studies have been carried out regarding assessment of knowledge and attitude of primary care physicians in Saudi Arabia towards Basic Life Support (BLS) and its training, as most of the studies were carried out among health care professionals in general, with the emphasis on hospital workers.
Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and attitude of primary health care physicians in Taif towards BLS, in order to identify deficient points for further intervention.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a random sample of primary health care centers in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, from January 2018 to June 2018. Primary health care physicians working in these centers constituted the target population of the study. A pre-designed self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the physicians. The questionnaire included sociodemographic data, history of attending training courses in BLS and obtaining a BLS license, and knowledge and attitude. Data were analyzed by IBM-SPSS version 22, using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test of independence, multivariate logistic regression, and calculating the odds ratios and adjusted odds ratios. A p-value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: One hundred and eighty three primary health care physicians were included in the study. About two-thirds of them (65.6%) were males. The majority of the participants (82%) were non-Saudis. All participants had attended BLS training courses. The majority of them (98.9%) had a valid BLS certificate. Overall, satisfactory knowledge regarding BLS was observed among 56.3% of the PHC physicians. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that non-Saudi physicians had a lower probability of having unsatisfactory BLS knowledge compared to Saudi physicians (Adjusted odds ratio “AOR”=0.30, 95% CI: 0.12-0.75, p=0.010). Compared to physicians with 5 years or less experience in PHC practice, those having more than 10 years of practice were at almost three-fold the risk of having unsatisfactory BLS knowledge (AOR=2.99, 95% CI: 1.27-7.03, p=0.012). Considering physicians who had Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS) as a reference category, Master holder physicians were less likely to have unsatisfactory BLS knowledge (AOR=0.17, 95% CI:0.03-0.83, p=0.030), whereas FM board certified physicians were more likely to have unsatisfactory BLS knowledge (AOR=5.14, 95% CI: 2.28-21.08, p=0.004). Physicians` age was significantly associated with BLS knowledge (p=0.017), but the magnitude of the association was low (Cramer's V coefficient =0.211).
Conclusion: Knowledge of physicians regarding BLS was unsatisfactory in some issues. More than half of the PHC physicians had satisfactory knowledge. Attitude of the physicians towards BLS was positive in Saudi physicians, and family medicine residents had more negative attitude towards BLS than their counterparts did. Since the BLS certificate is validated for two years, additional courses could be given to primary health care physicians between the mandatory courses.
Keywords: Basic Life Support, Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation, American Heart Association


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/7415
Adidas sneakers

Current Issue

Volume 12, issue 2, April-June 2020



The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.

To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: