Background and aim: Cardiovascular diseases are a problem in low- and middle-income countries, such as Iran. The present research was performed to identify risk factors contributing to cardiovascular diseases and their distributions among the adult population of Mashhad (Iran) using the Framingham criteria.
Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study performed in 2015 on 2,976 adults living in Mashhad (Iran) using Stratified cluster-random sampling method. Demographic information was acquired by surveyors in the research team using a checklist and referring to a medical laboratory for laboratory assessments. The 10-year risk of cardiovascular diseases for the participants was calculated using the Framingham criteria and was classified into three classes: low risk (<10%), intermediate risk (10-20%), and high risk (>20%). The analysis was done by SPSS Version 11.5 by using the Independent-samples t-test, Kruskal-Wallis, and analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: A total of 2,978 participants aged 16-90 participated in our cross-sectional study with an average age of 43.5±14.7 years. Total risk scores among men and women were 7.29±6.3 and 5.8±6.03, respectively. Compared to women, men exhibited a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (p<0.001). Average heart age among men and women was estimated at 50.37±18.7 and 48.8±17.0 respectively, i.e. significantly older heart age was obtained for men compared to women (p<0.001). 
Conclusion: According to this study, men are at a great risk of cardiovascular events, so we should develop our screening and educational program especially for this population.


Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Framingham study, Risk factors, Prevention


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July-September 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 3)


Previous Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


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Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

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Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: