Abstract
Background: Increased subcutaneous fat thickness and depth of target organs in over-obese patients, results in weak signals and inadequate images. Tissue harmonic imaging has been used widely in obese patients and is believed to result in higher quality images. This superiority is not proved in modern machines with improved image quality in conventional mode. 
Objective: To compare the image quality between conventional and tissue harmonic ultrasound images. 
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2015 to June 2016. Seventy-six over-obese patients referred to Ghaem Hospital (Mashhad, Iran) for weight-correction surgeries, were enrolled into the study. Conventional and tissue harmonic images of their kidneys were blinded and compared back-to-back by four expert radiologists. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16, using Cochrane’s Q test.
Results: All raters reported image quality to be better in tissue harmonic compared to fundamental frequency ultrasound (p=0.000, Cochrane’s Q test). Although better image quality in tissue harmonic mode was reported by the four raters, there was weak inter-observer agreement (p=0.081 for right kidney and p=0.21 for left kidney). 
Conclusion: Advances in ultrasound equipment and the introduction of tissue harmonic imaging can improve the diagnostic performance in over-obese patients and this mode of imaging should be used whenever evaluating over-obese subjects.

 

 
Keywords: Ultrasonography, Image enhancement, Diagnostic imaging

 

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Volume 12, issue 1, January-March 2020


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In April-June 2020 issue, the journal will publish an editorial from Morocco (Dr. Benksim, Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Morocco). The editorial talks about lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story. The April-June issue is expected to be published by end of June 2020.


 

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.

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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

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