Background and aim: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common digestive system disorders. Life style factors may increase the risk of reflux disease. We aimed to determine prevalence of reflux and related life style-factors in the population living in Qom. 
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1500 residents of Qom in 2014. Individuals were selected through multi-stage sampling. They completed two questionnaires: FSSG questionnaire for diagnosis of GERD and a general questionnaire to measure demographic and lifestyle factors. Univariate and multivariate were used for analysis of data. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20.
Results: A total of 1130 individuals were analyzed in which 52.4% of them were female. Prevalence of GERD was 28%.Adjusted findings showed use of PPIs (OR: 2.2, 95% CI: 2-5), taking H2RAs (OR: 4.7, 95% CI: 2.3-9.4), the habit of quick eating (OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.1-2), extra salt consumption on daily meals (OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.05-2), lack of sleep (OR: 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5-4.8), and consumption of white bread (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.05-2.7) were related to increased risk of GERD.
Conclusion: Our findings showed lifestyle factors such as habit of quick eating, extra salt on regular meals, lack of sleep and use of white bread were associate with increased risk of GERD. However, habit of midnight snack, having dinner just before bedtime, lack of breakfast, smoking, drinking tea and coffee were not associated with increased risk of GERD. It is recommended to carry out a cohort study among the Iranian population to evaluate the effect of life-style risk factors on GERD.


Keywords: Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Frequency scale, Life-style factors, Risk factor


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/6718

Current Issue

July-September 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 3)


Previous Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: