Background and aim: Standardized techniques help us to better diagnosis and follow up of allergic diseases. In this study, we determined the sensitivity, accuracy, and specificity of an Immunoblotting test compared to ImmunoCAP as the reference in vitro test for detection of specific IgE in allergic patients. 
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, specific IgE level was determined in patients with allergic symptoms who referred to the Immunology, Asthma and Allergy Research Institute, Tehran, Iran from 2010-2016, by two techniques. Eleven different allergens (six aeroallergens and five food allergens) were determined, and 303 specific IgE tests were performed for the patients by each method.  The Immunoblotting test is a multiplex assay on a nitrocellulose membrane coated with 20 selected allergens. ImmunoCAP is considered as the reference method for determination of in vitro specific IgE. Its principle is an automated sandwich immunoassay, and allergens were bound to the solid phase, covalently. Finally, the fluorescence of elute was determined.  Specific IgE more than 0.35 KU/L was considered as a positive test. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, kappa coefficient, positive and negative likelihood ratio (+/- LR), and correlation coefficient (calculated with Spearman test) between two tests were determined using statistical analysis (SPSS software, version 18).
Results:  One hundred and thirty five patients entered this study. The median age of the patients was 3.75 years with the males constituting 54.8% of the population. The most common cheif complaints were respiratory (51.6%), skin (41.8%) and gastrointestinal (27.9%) symptoms, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, +LR and -LR were 83%, 97%, 92%, 27.66 and 0.17, respectively. The kappa coefficient of the immunoblotting test was 0.81 compared to the reference technique. The correlation coefficient for positive tests between the two methods was 0.71 (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Regarding the presence of 20 allergens in a RIDA allergy panel and according to our findings, this immunoblotting test with high sensitivity could be used as a fast and cost-efficient screening test. However, ImmunoCAP is recommended when the accurate level of specific IgE is required.  ImmunoCAP findings are particularly helpful for immunotherapy and the elimination diet.


Keywords: Sensitivity, Specificity, Immunoblotting, Specific IgE


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/6327
ApparelJordan Ανδρικά • Summer SALE έως -50%

The  most recent editorial (June 2021)

Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?

An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian

Read more.

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


Our previous editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: